Tanzania Ordinary Level Education Curriculum – O’Level
Curriculum is generally prescribed as a set of standards that guides the delivery of education by considering the following areas: competence to be developed and acquired by learners (knowledge, skills and attitudes) in the teaching and learning process; the pedagogical approaches to be used in the course of curriculum implementation; educational materials to facilitate teaching and learning; professional and academic qualification of the curriculum implementers; enabling infrastructure for effective delivery of curriculum; the instructional time required to complete the intended learning outcomes and monitoring and evaluation of the curriculum.
Therefore, curriculum in the contemporary outlook is viewed as a mirror reflecting the society’s philosophy and culture, but also including the sources of knowledge and the nation’s education goals. Further, the curriculum should explain the meaning of knowledge, skills and attitudes that a learner is expected to acquire after successfully completion of a prescribed learning cycle. The curriculum will also spell out modalities for assessment, monitoring and evaluation of the teaching and learning process. The review of Ordinary Secondary Education curriculum has been made inevitable to meet the requirements of Education and Training Policy (1995), Tanzania Development Vision 2025, National Science and Technology Policy, Education Sector Development Programme (ESDP) and Secondary Education Development Programme, National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (2004), recommendations from educational researches such as the research report on Secondary Education curriculum review prepared by TIE (2004). The research findings and recommendations from the stakeholders necessitated the review of 1997 Secondary Education curriculum. The curriculum for Ordinary Secondary Education is among the six revised curriculum documents for schools and teachers Colleges which is another success in the professional and technical partnership existing between UNESCO and TIE under the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (MoEVT).