As stated in the previous case. See the case here, now let us see how to go about those scenario. Discussing those scenarios the counselor can best choose the way forward. The Group counseling in schools, relate the issue at your scene.
Let us go – focus to Group counseling in schools…
Referring to the question; one of the client seem to remark about his life to the extent of liking to die. As for the client’s case base on relationships problems, the following below describes in details the statement of the question in different ways.
Irrationality of the clients.
Been irrational means not be logical. From the statement of the one of the member of the group counselling meeting being a clients, it is not logical to kill oneself for the reason of being betrayed. This does not solve the problem, rather extends it. Under this context, the client is irrational in the following senses.
Firstly, the clients would identify the reasons for his girlfriend to make love with another man than him. As the client claim to want killing his girlfriend for flirting to his neighbor, he would firstly find the reason to why she has done so. It seem that the client do not want to realize the cause of the effect. Therefore, the clients is suggested to be irrational since he do not find the reasons for been cheated.
Clients is identified to be irrational
Also, the clients is identified to be irrational because he do not know the best solution to his problem. Killing one self of another is not supported solution for solving the problems. According to Stanley Popovich (2003), he do not support killing in any means as the solution for the problems. Why this is not supported by Counsellors?
- Things Change Over Time,
- There Are Always Other Options,
- You Can’t Predict The Future,
- Focus On The Facts of Your Situation and Not Your Thoughts,
- Go to the Hospital Immediately When It’s That Bad,
- No Situation Is Hopeless, and many other reasons are suggested by Psychologists to demise the issue of suicide as the means of solving the problems.
Again, the client is irrational because he do not want to share his problem with the others. While others, as it is supposed to be, in a group counselling, discussions, problems exploration and sharing experiences normally talk part. But this is contrary to the mentioned client, he do not want to say more about his problem in a more detailed manner, instead he swears to kill her girlfriend or himself too. For logical person, it is obviously expected to find him sharing his problems to find solutions form other peoples’ experiences. But this not that for the clients. Hence, he is irrational.
In a short texts, the client is not utterly not logical because he do not have the best solution for his problem, and also he do not want to explore his problems to others as the quickest means of finding the solution to the problems around. All in all the client do not know whether commiting suicide is not a solution to many of the problems in the world since it is itself a problem.
The counselling theory and how to address the problem
Referring to the client’s situation, the best theory which can best combat the problem is Psychoanalytic Theory. In a brief description, Psychoanalytic Theory was founded by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). According to him (the founder), Sigmund Fred describes that, people could be cured by making conscious their unconscious thoughts and motivations, thus gaining insights. And the main aim of this theory is to release repressed emotions and experiences, which means to make the unconscious conscious.
Under this theory, there are assumptions;
- Psychoanalytic psychologists see psychological problems as rooted in the unconscious mind.
- Manifest symptoms are caused by latent (hidden) disturbances.
- Typical causes include unresolved issues during development or repressed trauma.
- Treatment focuses on bringing the repressed conflict to consciousness, where the client can deal with it.
In that case, this theory is suitable to address the clients’ problem. By using Psychoanalytic Theory as it was been founded by Sigmund Freud, the problem of the client can be addressed through the following ways.
Firstly, this theory gives the knowledge to the counsellor to identify that the clients’ problems has been risen from the unconscious mind. The first task of the counsellor will be to use this theory to make the clients’ unconscious mind conscious. This is according to theory assumption which states that, psychological problems as rooted in the unconscious mind.
For example, in a normal situation, a person cannot dare to kill or commit suicide. There must be extra hidden force that influence a person to do so. This is what the theory calls unconscious mind. This is how the theory can be used initially to address the problem.
Through this theory, also the clients will be enabled to identify the real cause of his problem. Something to bear in mind is that, psychoanalysis is a therapy as well as a theory. Psychoanalysis is commonly used to treat depression and anxiety disorders. For example one of the therapy that Freud used to run to his clients was to let clients lie on the bed and ask him to reflect all the life memories.
Freuds Ideas relate to Group counseling in schools
“Freud would have a patient lie on a couch to relax, and he would sit behind them taking notes while they told him about their dreams and childhood memories. Psychoanalysis would be a lengthy process, involving many sessions with the psychoanalyst”
Simply Psychology Organization Journal (2007) reports. This method normally make a client to re-reflect on his life proceedings and make surely decision.
By using this theory, there are the so called Defense Mechanisms. According to Freud, he describes them as the psychological strategies that are unconsciously used to protect a person from anxiety arising from unacceptable thoughts or feelings.
There are common mechanism like Repression, Projection, Displacement, Sublimation, Denial, Rationalization, and Reaction Formation. Due to the knowledge obtained from these mechanism, the clients fall under Repression – an unconscious mechanism employed by the ego to keep disturbing or threatening thoughts from becoming conscious.
In order to address the clients’ problem using this theory, the counselor should guide the client to adopt Sublimation defense mechanism – an unconscious mechanism employed by the ego to keep disturbing or threatening thoughts from becoming conscious. (Freud, 1936 as cited in Simply Psychology Journal)
Best course of action the counsellor should take in favor man’s girlfriend.
From the statement referring to such a betrayed man wanting to kill his girl fiend, the counsellor should disclose the information. This is because in counselling ethics, there are some situations which require a counsellor do disclose the client’s information even without the consent of the patient. Some of these situations are like endanger to kill himself or others, for referral issues, if a client give a consent to disclose his/he the information, or any other situation especially related to state laws.
Under these guidelines, a counsellor has a right to report this situation to favor the man’s girlfriend. It is because at the end of the group counselling session, the clients has sworn to better dead since people betray him. Again at the beginning of the session he also sworn to kill his girlfriend. When this situation happen during counselling session, the counsellor is obliged to report the issue to the respective organ.
The other group members feelings and reactions towards the behavior of the man
From the statement about the group counselling meeting as related to the man threatening to kill his girlfriend, the other group members are not sympathy. This is because they are neither showing any understangind nor caring. This is evidenced when the man started threatening and remarks on his problems but no one seem to respond to him.
What the other members would expected to show to the man is to sympathize to the man’s issues. To make him relax, to console him and take some measures to deal with the man’s problem. Group members would have shared theirs experiences towards such the issue because as the group counselling members they ought to share, discuss and give their experiences towards the risen topic by the counsellor.
The possible weaknesses of Group counseling in schools.
In reference to the statement form the group counselling meeting, there are some weaknesses which can be drawn.
First of all, group counselling do not give a chance to the client to express his personal problem. It is a group-oriented counselling rather than individual. According to American Addiction Center (2017), the attention of the counsellor in the group counselling session in on the group but not on the individual person. The Center report, the client is not the focus of attention. In many groups, the old adage “the squeaky wheel gets the grease” seems to apply. Thus, the level of intervention is not as focused and intense for any single person as individual therapy.
Level of confidentiality
Also, the level of confidentiality is very low compared to individual therapy. Even though group members are generally instructed that the information and events that occur in the group are to be held confidential and only to be shared with group members during therapy, the potential for a breach of confidentiality is far greater in group therapy.
The issue of social loafing also became another case which make group counselling not suitable for counselling sessions. Some people normally agree with the group to some issue because they are part of the group. According to Sober Recovery Organization (2016), some people feel not good to say things contrary to many people.
Time Limitations. In Group Counselling, time factor is not guaranteed every one as an individual. Sometimes the time may not be sufficient to solve some other peoples’ problems. This is because Groups typically meet at specific times. There is less opportunity to fit the therapy into the one’s personal schedule. This is another problem associated to group counselling.
Group counseling in schools is not suitable to anti-social people.
To apply this means of therapy to these kind of people cannot bring good answers to your session. This case is also reported by American Addiction Center (2017), group therapy may be inappropriate for certain types of individuals, such as individuals who are extremely antisocial, extremely shy, impulsive, passive-aggressive, psychotic and others of these types. The Center claims.
Degree of disappointment is high. In the group counselling as it involve many people of different problems but discussing single selected issue, it happens that some people when speak out their issue are bullies, that issue lead to disappointment by the client.
This is another weakness associated to application of group counselling in the counselling session. In summary, group counselling has been a tool to people who share common interest and goals. As a group counsellor, it is suggested to apply this method of counselling especially when counselling students, soldiers, party members and other people who seem to share common inters rests.
To Apply the Method
To apply this method by just collecting or grouping clients arbitrary will make this method not to work effectively. I suggest to apply this method only if the counsellor is sure of the members of group counselling are having the related or similar problems.
In relation to the man’s problems as it is stated, clients centered counselling session should be called upon to hear about the client’s problems in detailed manner and avoid generalization.
Group counseling in schools