Curriculum for English Medium Education Level – Standard One and Two in Tanzania
The curriculum for primary education was reviewed in 2005 in order to meet the demands of the Education and Training Policy, Educational Sector Development Programme (1999-2009), and the Tanzanian Vision for Development 2025. The review also took into consideration the Primary Education Development
Programme (PEDP) 2000-2006, National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP), as well as recommendations by several education research studies and education stakeholders. Further, the review put into consideration the needs of society, science and technology as well as a learner-centred perspective of teaching and learning.
The follow- up of the implementation of the 2005 Curriculum showed that some pupils are experiencing problems related to Reading, Writing and Arithmetic (3Rs). The 3Rs are fundamental skills in enabling pupils to learn effectively and to cope with the higher levels of study to the required standards. So, in 2013, nationwide research was conducted to assess the Standard II pupils’ competence in 3Rs. The intention of the assessment was to determine pupils’ ability in those basic skills. The results of the study revealed that there was an acutely low level of skills among pupils with regard to the 3Rs. Hence, the government has seen the importance of preparing a revised curriculum for Standard I and II pupils in order to ensure that all pupils learn effectively and develop the 3Rs skills.
This curriculum is organised into nine chapters as follows: introduction; structure of the curriculum; time allocation and number of periods; resources required for the implementation of the curriculum; learning and teaching; management, monitoring and evaluation; learning outcomes; and assessment criteria.