Curriculum for Advanced Level Education in Tanzania
The Curriculum for Advanced level secondary school education has been prepared by Tanzania Institute of Education (TIE) to guide stakeholders in the process of implementing the Advanced level Secondary Education.
The curriculum comprises of eight common elements of the curriculum. These include: introduction; educational policies in Tanzania; statement of broad learning objectives and competences; structure of the education system; structure of curriculum content, and learning areas; standard resources required for implementation; teaching methodology; and assessment of student achievement.
The introductory part sets the context by describing the social and economic environment in which the teaching and learning occur. The goals of education are aligned to the philosophy of Education for Self Reliance (ESR) which evolves into specific objectives
The curriculum also analyzes vision, mission, competences and objectives for the learner and stipulates the structure of the education system in Tanzania. The structure of curriculum content and learning areas indicate teaching approaches to be adopted.
Learning areas for A-level curriculum, weight per subject and rationale are spelt out including standard resources required for implementation.
The curriculum spells out further learner and teacher characteristics, school leadership requirement and emphasizes the use of learner centred pedagogy. Teachers are expected to change their role to become as facilitators providing a broad range of teaching/ learning experiences while scaffolding learners. Learners will assume more responsibility for their learning. Lastly, the framework outlines how assessment of student achievement will be conducted proposing a ratio of 50/50 between formative and summative assessments.
The subsequent milestones in the review of the six curriculum frameworks for schools and teacher colleges is another success in the professional and technical partnership through MoEVT and UNESCO support to TIE for the activity between October and December 2010. TIE appreciates the continued partnership that has enhanced the quality of six curriculum frameworks and anticipates much more achievement in enhancing quality education in Tanzania.
Generally, this curriculum framework seeks to guide stakeholders for effective provision of quality education using curriculum standards.